Knowing the Japanese names of our sashimi & sushi

March 23, 2015 in Japanese by thywhaleliciousfay

I love my Japanese food. However, whenever the chefs introduced my sashimi and sushi in Japanese, there would be that awkward silence. I mean, excluding the more commonly used ones like uni. Till now, I haven’t quite familiarised myself with the Japanese names. Like what!

So I decided to put the effort to learn the Japanese names of my sashimi and sushi. I guess this is also pure politeness and respect. =)

And for this (lengthy) post, I used many photographs from @little_meg_siu_meg. Reason being, she has dined at some of the best places. And through her photographs, it allows us to see sashimi and sushi presented in the most authentic way. But she has more than 15,000 pictures (and counting), so I’ve only managed to scroll till March ’14. Additional photographs are supplemented by @felhuang and myself! =) I’ve also included the respective photographs’ link. @little_meg_siu_meg gives very detailed explanation in her instagram posts, so one may want click on the links to read her captions! I learnt a lot from reading her instagram posts.

List is arranged alphabetically to Japanese names. However, this list is non-exhaustive. I will continue to update this entry every now and then. If I made any mistake with my post, do leave a comment and let me know too! Or let me know what else I should add into this list. And for pictures, please scroll down further! =)

A

Aji 鯵 : Jack mackerel / Horse mackerel
Akagai 赤貝 : Ark shell clam
Anago アナゴ : Sea eel
   – Hamo 穴子 : Conger pike eel
Ankimo : Monkfish liver
Aoyagi : Orange clam (newly added)
Awabi : Abalone
   – Awabi kimo : Abalone liver (newly added)
Ayu : Sweet fish

E

Ebi : Prawn / Shrimp
   – Botan-ebi : Japanese spotted prawn
   – Kuruma-ebi 車海老 : Tiger prawn
   – Shima-ebi : Hokkai shrimp
   – Shiro-ebi 白海老 : Baby white shrimp

F

Fugu : Blow fish

G

Gani : Crab
   – Ke-gani 毛蟹 : Horsehair crab / Hairy crab
   – Zuwai-gani : Snow crab
         — Echizen-gani
         — Matsuba-gani
         — Taiza-gani

H

Hamachi : Yellowtail
   – Buri 鰤 : Adult yellowtail
Hamaguri ハマグリ : Clam
Hata-hata : Sand fish (newly added)
Hirame 平目刺身 : Flounder / Helibut
   – Engawa : Flounder fin
Hokkigai 北寄貝 : Arctic surf clam (newly added)
Hotate : Scallop
Houbou : Sea robin fish

I

Ika : Squid
   – Hotaru ika 蛍烏賊 : Firefly squid
   – Sumi-ika 墨烏賊 スミイカ : Ink squid
   – Yari ika : Spear squid
Ikura : Salmon roe
   – Sujiko : Salmon roe still in sac
Isaki : Grunt
Ise ebi 伊勢海老 : Spiny lobster
Iwashi : Sardine

K

Kajika : Stonefish (newly added)
Kajiki : Swordfish
   – Makajiki : Blue marlin
   – Mekajiki : Big-eye marlin
Kamasu 魳 : Barracuda
Kanpachi : Greater amberjack
Karei : Flatfish
Katsuo 鰹 : Bonito / Skipjack tuna
Kawahagi : Threadsail file fish / Leather jacket fish
Kazunoko : Herring roe (newly added)
Kibinago : Silver stripe round herring (newly added)
Kisu : Sillago
Kobashira : Adductor muscles of clam
Kochi : Flathead fish
Kohada コハダ : Gizzard shad
   – Shinko : Baby gizzard shad
Kue : Long tooth grouper
Kuromutsu : Blue fish
Kurosoi : Black rock fish (newly added)

M

Maguro : Tuna
   – Akami 赤身 : Lean tuna
   – Chiaigishi maguro 血合いぎし : Flesh right by the red muscle
   – Chutōro 中トロ : Medium fatty tuna
   – Ōtoro 大トロ : Premium fatty tuna
   – Meiji-maguro : Baby tuna
   – Shimofuri 霜降リ : Cut of otoro
   – Wakaremi : Dorsal fin of maguro (tuna)
   – Maguro zuke 漬け : Marinated tuna
Masu 鱒 : Sea trout
Mebaru : Rock fish (newly added)
Mirugai みる貝 : Geoduck clam

N

Nodoguro : Black throat sea perch
Noresore : Baby sea eel

S

Saba 鯖 : Mackerel
   – Shime-saba 締め鯖 : Vinegar-marinated mackerel
Sake / Shake : Salmon
Sanma : Pacific saury
Sawara 鰆 : Spanish mackerel
Sayori 細魚 : Needlefish / Halfbeak
Shako 蝦蛄 : Mentis shrimp
Shima-aji 縞あじ : Striped jack / White trevally
Shirakawa : White amadai
Shirako 鱈の白子 : Milt / Sperm sac
   – Tai shirako (snapper’s)
   – Tara shirako (cod’s)
   – Torafugu shirako (tiger blowfish’s)
Shirauo : Baby white anchovy
Suzuki : Sea bass

T

Tai 鯛 / Madai : Snapper
   – Kasugo : Baby snapper (newly added)
   – Kasugodai : Baby red snapper
   – Kinmedai 金目鯛 : Big-eye snapper
   – Shiokara : Salt-cured fermented snapper’s entrails
Tairagai : Penshell clam
Tako : Octopus
Torigai とり貝 : Japanese cockle
Tsbugai : Sea whelk (newly added)

U

Uni 雲丹 : Sea urchin
   – Aka-uni : Red sea urchin
   – Bafun-uni バフン雲丹 : Short spine sea urchin
   – Murasaki-uni 紫雲丹 : Violet sea urchin


Aji : Jack Mackerel / Horse Mackerel

  
Nigiri sushi with scallion puree (link) | Sashimi with shiso flowers (link)


Akagai : Ark Shell Clam


Nigiri sushi (link)


Anago : Sea Eel

  
Nigiri sushi with salt and sauce (link) | Hamo (conger pike eel) (link)


Ankimo : Monkfish Liver

  
Link | Link


Awabi : Abalone

  
Link | Link


Ayu : Sweet Fish

  
Fried and served with taro (link) | Salt grilled (link)


Ebi : Prawn / Shrimp

  
Botan-ebi (spotted prawn) (link) | Kuruma-ebi (tiger prawn) (link)

  
Shima-ebi (Hokkai shrimp) (link) | Shiro-ebi (baby white shrimp) (link)


Fugu : Blow Fish

  
Link | Link


Gani : Crab

  
Zuwai-gani (snow crab) [left] & Kegani (horsehair crab) [right] (link) | Taiza-gani (link)


Hamachi : Yellowtail

  
Link | Link


Hamaguri : Clam

  
Link | Link


Hirame : Flounder / Helibut

  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Engawa (flounder fin) (link)


Hotate : Scallop


Sashimi (link)


Houbou : Sea Robin Fish


Nigiri sushi (link)


Ika : Squid

  
Sumi-ika (ink squid) (link) | Yari ika (spear squid) (link)


Hotaru ika (firefly squid) (link)


Ikura : Salmon Roe

  
Served on rice (link) | Sujiko (salmon roe still in sac) with miso (link)


Iwashi : Sardine

  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Nigiri sushi (link)


Kajiki : Swordfish


Aburi nigiri sushi topped with caviar (link)


Kanpachi : Greater Amberjack


Nigiri sushi (link)


Karei : Flatfish


Nigiri sushi (link)


Katsuo : Bonito / Skipjack Tuna

  
Sashimi (link) | Aged 5 days (link)


Kawahagi : Threadsail File Fish / Leather Jacket Fish


  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Sashimi with its liver, scallion and radish (link)


Kisu : Sillago


Marinated in kelp (link)


Kobashira : Adductor Muscles of Clam


Nigiri sushi (link)


Kochi : Flathead Fish


Nigiri sushi (link)


Kohada : Gizzard Shad

  
Marinated in vinegar (link) | Nigiri sushi (link)


Kue : Long Tooth Grouper


Sashimi (link)


Kuromutsu : Blue Fish


Sashimi (link)


Maguro : Tuna

  
Marinated akami (lean tuna) (link) | Chutōro (medium fatty tuna) (link)

  
Ōtoro (premium fatty tuna) (link) | Smoked meiji-maguro (baby tuna) with skin attached (link)


Mirugai : Geoduck Clam

  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Nigiri sushi (link)


Nodoguro : Black Throat Sea Perch

  
With scallion shoots (link) | Nigiri sushi (link)


Noresore : Baby Sea Eel


With vinegar sauce (link)


Saba : Mackerel

  
Shime-saba (vinegar marinated mackerel) (link) | Nigiri sushi with scallion (link)

  
Smoked salt cured mackerel (link) | Saba bozushi (mackerel stick sushi) (link)


Sake / Shake : Salmon


Sashimi (link)


Sanma : Pacific Saury


With its liver sauce on top (link)


Sawara : Spanish Mackerel


Smoked (link)


Sayori : Needlefish / Halfbeak

  
With tare (link) | Glazed with nikiri shoyu (link)


Shako : Mentis Shrimp

  
Slightly cooked (link) | Sashimi (link)


Shima-aji : Striped Jack / White Trevally

  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Nigiri sushi (link)


Shirako : Milt / Sperm Sac

  
Tai shirako (snapper’s) (link) | Tara shirako (cod’s) (link)


Torafugu shirako (tiger blowfish’s) (link)


Shirauo : Baby White Anchovy


With ponzu and ginger (link)


Tai / Madai : Snapper

  
Tai (snapper) (link) | Kasugodai (baby red snapper) (link)

  
Kinmedai (big-eye snapper) (link) | Shiokara (salt-cured fermented snapper’s entrails) (link)


Tairagai : Penshell Clam

  
Grilled with kuroshichimi (black Japanese 7-flavored chili) (link) | Grilled and served with seaweed (link)


Tako : Octopus

  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Close up (link)


Torigai : Japanese Cockle

  
Nigiri sushi (link) | Charcoal grilled (link)


Uni : Sea Urchin

  
Bafun-uni (short spine sea urchin) (link) | Murasaki-uni (violet sea urchin) (link)

Credits: @little_meg_siu_meg, @felhuang
Last Updated: 29 March 2015